Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word niger is Latin for black.
Byfive states had enacted Temporary Disability Insurance laws protecting employees from income loss in the occurrence of a temporary medical disability. This state-level trend of maternity leave legislation continued into the s and s where multiple other states passed more explicit recognitions of new mothers' rights to a temporary leave of absence.
Ultimately, 12 states and the District of Columbia had implemented measures requiring at least some private sector employers to offer maternity leave packages to its employees. Employees frequently held enough bargaining power to influence employer policies and negotiate for the inclusion of maternity leave protection.
Despite some localized employees' access to maternity leave, there was growing pressure for national maternity leave legislation in the early s. Many new mothers continued to be excluded from such maternity leave provisions despite growing national demand.
Women now enjoyed greater employment opportunities and changing gender norms that encouraged increased labor involvement. This increased female employment extended to mothers as well who now were now more likely to engage in the workforce even if they had a young child.
This inadequate national coverage provoked intense protest and growing national consensus on the value of maternity leave. Ultimately, the increased salience and galvanized national support prompted the enactment of the Family and Medical Leave Act mandating maternity leave.
Federal legislation[ edit ] The Family and Medical Leave Act of or FMLAsigned into law during President Bill Clinton's first term, mandates a minimum of 12 weeks unpaid leave to mothers for the purpose of attending to a newborn or newly adopted child.
In order to receive maternity leave, employees must work in a firm of 50 or more employees, maintain employment with the same business for 12 months and have accumulated at least 1, working hours over those 12 months.
Seven other states, in addition to the District of Columbia, have adopted more generous maternity leave lengths that allow longer absences for the purpose of child rearing.
Moreover, some states have enacted legislation enhancing the benefits of leave programs. California, New Jersey, and Rhode Island for instance, operate programs that require private-sector employers to pay their employees who utilize maternity leave at partial replacement rates. Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia designate childbirth as a temporary disability thus guaranteeing mothers paid maternity leave through Disability Insurance TDI provisions.
Before February 5, the leave was six weeks long for active duty members or reservists who had previously done twelve months of active duty time. However, two married active duty members cannot create "shared benefits" in the Army, according to the Army Directive Maternity Leave Policy.
Other benefits have also been increased to improve the lives of those with newborn or newly adopted children. These benefits include an increase of child care hours to fourteen hours a day, and allowing active duty members more ability to family plan by paying for the sperm and egg freezing.
The risk factors vary from person to person and women are typically diagnosed with depression more than men.
Other than trauma, physical illness, certain personality traits, and previous family history, pregnancy can be a cause of depression in women.
Symptoms of this disease include, loss of interest in activities, difficulty focusing, thinking, making decisions, and remembering things, anxiety, irritation, slowed speaking, physical pains, and feelings of sadness and worthlessness.
Women who just gave birth are already managing recovering from the severe physical symptoms while taking care of a newborn child and adding symptoms of depression to this mixture can be a huge burden on them.
When these new mothers go back to work they have the added stress of worrying about their child and balancing their family and work roles. Mothers who return to work soon after a birth of a child are likely to get depressed than other mothers; therefore, longer paid maternity leave has the potential to help new mothers.Sick leave (or paid sick days or sick pay) is time off from work that workers can use to stay home to address their health and safety needs without losing pay.
Paid sick leave is a statutory requirement in many nations. Most European, many Latin American, a few African and a few Asian countries have legal requirements for paid sick leave.
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A. A1C A form of hemoglobin used to test blood sugars over a period of time. ABCs of Behavior An easy method for remembering the order of behavioral components: Antecedent, Behavior, Consequence. 6 | A GUIDE TO IMPLEMENTING PAID FAMILY LEAVE LESSONS FROM CALIFORNIA A GUIDE TO IMPLEMENTING PAID FAMILY LEAVE LESSONS FROM CALIFORNIA | 7 CALIFORNIA PAID FAMILY LEAVE LAW—THE BASICS6 Foundation Paid Family Leave (PFL) was built on top of an important foundation in California—its temporary disability insurance program.
Unpaid leave under the federal Family and Medical Leave Act Paid leave programs in a handful of states — that address a workers' own illness and the needs of family caregivers — provide models for the changes we need.
a report revealed that six years after the introduction of a statewide paid family leave program, both workers. The Family and Medical Leave Act of (FMLA) is a United States labor law requiring covered employers to provide employees with job-protected and unpaid leave for qualified medical and family reasons.
These include pregnancy, adoption, foster care placement of a child, personal or family illness, or family military leave. The FMLA is administered by the Wage and Hour Division of the United.